From clothes to sports gear, combat jackets, space elevators and so on- the future application of Carbon Nanotubes is both promising and dominant. With some of the most effective mechanical properties at work, it is suggested that Carbon Nanotubes can influence many modern day structures for a better future experience. Let’s unravel the various potential applications of Carbon Nanotubes.
Carbon Nanotubes and Electricity Circuits:
Quite capable of handling digital switch through a single electron while working at the room temperature, nanotube-based transistors can manage electrical circuits in the best possible way. The first memory circuit that was integrated with nanotube was made in the year 2004. We can use large structures of CNT for the purpose of thermal management in an electronic circuit. This requires CNT of 1mm thickness that would be further used as a special material to fabricate coolers. As the material can work at a minimal density, it can weight approximately 20 times less than any similar copper material or structure. The cooling properties of CNT and copper are almost similar.
Carbon Nanotubes and Solar Cells
The New Jersey Institute of Technology has developed the first Solar Cells that uses carbon nanotube complex prepared from the fine mixture of CNT and Carbon buckyballs (commonly known as fullerenes). The outcome eventually came as a snake-like structure. How does it work? Well, buckyballs are used to capture electrons (even though they cannot excite the flow of electrons). In order to excite the flow of electrons, sunlight is added as it influences the polymers and helps buckyballs to grab electrons. In the entire circuit, CNT works like copper wires for enabling the best current flow of electrons.
Carbon Nanotubes and Paper Batteries:
Have you ever seen a paper-thin battery- something as light as a feather? Stanford University has developed a light-weighted pliable battery that uses a paper-thin sheet of cellulose directly infused with aligned CNT. The super thin battery could also be regarded as a supercapacitor and resemble paper. The discovery has taken CNT with silver nanowires, simply coated on the sheet of paper with ink. As said, the ink is also made of the nanotubes. Great performance, high conductivity and affordable cost- the outcome is simply outstanding.
Carbon Nanotube and the other Applications:
- Nanoelectromechanical Systems: CNT could be implemented in Nanoelectromechanical Systems along with the mechanical memory elements and nanoscale electric motors. CNT for flat panel displays would be nothing but an innovation of its own kind.
- Nanoradio: It is a radio receiver that uses a single spread sheet of CNT. Similarly, a single sheet of CNT is capable of operating a loudspeaker (if any form of alternating current is applied to the system). The system will thus produce sound through thermoacoustic ways.
- Tough CNT Fibers: Due to the excellent mechanical strength of CNT, it is scientifically proven that the material could be used to create stab-proof and bullet-proof clothing. With nanotubes, you can stop the bullet from penetrating the body. CNT could be used to make fiber super capacitors- the super extraordinary composite fiber could be woven into electronic textiles.
- CNT for Artificial Muscles: The remarkable electrical cum mechanical properties of CNT makes them the best actuators for microscopic and macroscopic applications. Carbon nano-tweezers, a microscopic application of CNT, is fabricated by deposition of MWNT bundles. This is done by isolating electrodes on glass micropipettes.
- CNT for Coating and Films: CNT is quite a lucrative alternative to the much expensive indium tin oxide i.e. ITO which is used in films. As an option, the industry can use CNT-based transparent conducting films are both flexible and highly suggested for display screens, touch screen devices and photovoltaic.
- CNT Transparent Sheet-based use: As per the recent CNT development, a SWNT film is about 90 percent transparent- it has the resistivity of 100 ohm per square. The application of CNT as thin-film heaters, defrosting window or sidewalk is highly suggested.
- CNT and the Space Elevators: Could you even imagine a space elevator that will probably take your from earth to some other object in a geosynchronous orbit? Saving much of the time and cost, the space elevator will then take objects up tether to space. The future is near with CNT!
- CNT for the Power Generation Needs: What if you could charge your phone or car batteries in just a few seconds? It will be possible with the devices made of CNT in future.
At Nanosmiths, we support the best idea of CNT applications in the innovation-enabled future. Nanosmiths provide CNT solutions for both Single Walled Nanotubes and Multi Walled Nanotubes.