‘The future belongs to Graphene’ and it wouldn’t be wrong to predict this today!
The potential applications of Graphene include some light-weighted yet durable power display screens, electric circuits, solar cells, medical instruments, chemical reactive, industrial process, etc. While the commercial use of Graphene is pacing with leaps and bounds, the active development of Graphene is likely to influence the dynamic industries of electronics, engineering, filtrations, composite material, energy storage and photovoltaic cells in the nearby future. Let’s unravel how Graphene is going to change the face of some major commercial sectors.
Do you know that with the help of Graphene, one could probably analyze DNA in a path-breaking pace? According to a US-based Physicist, we can use Graphene to analyze the science behind DNA in the quickest possible manner. The physicist proposed a new way of reading the sequence of chemical bases in a DNA strand. This was done by sending the molecule through a tiny slit in a Graphene sheet.
High electrical conductivity and optical transparency of Graphene makes it a perfect candidate for conducting electrodes. The mechanical strength and flexibility of Graphene is winningly high than any other material- be it indium tin oxide (brittle) or any similar material. Needless to say, Graphene would work perfectly for optoelectronic applications such as smart screens, touchpads, LCD, organic photovoltaic cells, light-emitting diodes, and so on.
Since Graphene is widely known for its high carrier mobility and low noise features, it is highly recommended as a field-effect transistor. A Graphene-based integrated circuit can handle frequencies up to 10 GHz. The transistors printed on flexible plastic can operate at 25 gigahertz. A simple 2-inch of Graphene sheet can establish a processor using 100 GHz transistors.
With the Applications of Graphene, one could solve both the filtering needs of desalination and ethanol distillation of water. In a Graphene sheet, once can easily control the size of pours (or holes) and thus, Graphene oxide filters could perform the desalination task with utmost techniques. Similarly, for the ethanol distillation, the Graphene oxide membranes allow water vapor to pass through. These membranes are resistant to any other form of liquids and gases, thus revolutionizing the entire economic usage of biofuel production. Just think how amazing Graphene is going to be for the alcoholic beverage industry!
Devices for Energy Storage:
The Application of Graphene in the conductive plates of Supercapacitors is constructively viable. It is possible because of Graphene’s extremely high surface area to mass ratio. According to some researchers, Graphene will be used to produce Supercapacitors in the future. Such Supercapacitors will have high storage density than any other capacitors of the present state.
The photoelectrochemical energy conversion in dye-sensitized solar cells could be highly influenced by the involvement of Graphene. Induce an ultrathin transparent film of Graphene from exfoliated graphite oxide right before the thermal reduction. The film will thus exhibit a high conductivity of 550s/cm and a sheer transparency of more than 70% 1000-3000 nm.
Do you know that Bacteria like Escherichia coli can be easily killed with the help of Graphene oxide? Yes, it is possible! The outcome came in the year 2010 when the Chinese Academy of Sciences conducted a study on the influence of one sheet of Graphene oxide in some bacteria. Needless to say, Graphene could be highly useful in applications like hygiene products, packaging, food products, etc.
Other Applications of Graphene:
- IR Detectors
- Liquid Cells for Electron Microscopy
- Energy Harvesting
- Single Molecule Gas Detection
- Thermal Management Material
- Graphene Nanoribbons
- Composite Materials
- Chemical Sensors
- Optical Modulators